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15.4%

Gender Pay Gap in 2022

32.3%

Gender Pay Gap in Finance and Insurance

12.3%

Gender Pay Gap in Wales in 2022

Did you know? 

According to analysis done by TUC, the average woman works for free for nearly two months (56 days) of the year compared with the average man because of the gender pay gap which stands at 15.4%.  In parts of the country where the gender gap is wider, women work for free for longer.   

Even in jobs that tend to be dominated by female workers, like education and social care, the pay gap persists because in these sectors women get paid much less per hour on average than men both because they are more likely to be in part-time roles or are in lower-paid roles.  In education, with 25.4% gender pay gap, the average woman works for free for more than a quarter of the year (93 days).   

The longest wait is for women in finance and insurance with 32.3% gender pay gap and 118 days (nearly a third of the year).  The gender pay gap is also widest for older women, 21.3 for 40-49 and 21.8 for 50-59 age groups. 

UK  

The gender pay gap is calculated as the difference between average hourly earnings (excluding overtime) of men and women as a proportion of men’s average hourly earnings (excluding overtime). It is a measure across all jobs in the UK, not the difference in pay between men and women for doing the same job.  

Among full-time employees the gender pay gap in April 2021 was 7.9% but there remains a large difference in gender pay gap between employees aged 40 years and over compared with those below 40 years. 

Also, compared with lower-paid earners, higher full-time earners experience a much larger difference in hourly pay between the genders (16.1% for top 10% earners vs 7.9% of median earners and 3.1% for the bottom 10% of earners). 

Regions 

Although the gender pay gap for full-time workers has reduced everywhere in the UK since 1997, it is higher in every English region, ranging from 6.9% to 11.1%, compared with Wales (5%), Scotland (3.6%) and Northern Ireland (-4.1%), with highest in London (12.4%) and the South East (12.4%).   

London has the same relative change in proportion of full-time jobs compared with the rest of the UK so other factors need to be considered on why that is and although further investigation is required, ONS analysis has identified that when changing jobs, women are more likely than men to accept lower pay in favour of a shorter commute.   

In Northern Ireland the gender pay gap is negative as it is affected by a higher proportion of women working in the public sector where pay rates for some jobs are higher than in the private sector. 

Wales 

Wales still has a gender pay gap of 12.3% (up from 11.8 in 2021) due to a larger increase in men’s hourly pay.  Average hourly pay for males now stands at £13.77 vs £12.08 for females.   

What is the way forward?

Inequality in the economy will only be eradicated when women are able to enter and progress in work in the same way as men. There are many actions needed to achieve this, but the impact of caring responsibilities cannot be ignored. Investment in childcare by government, support with caring costs by employers and far greater adoption of agile and inclusive working practices have to be a priority if we are to see more significant shifts.

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IF WE WANT TO SEE CHANGE, WE NEED TO ACT TOGETHER TO ENSURE GENDER, AND MORE GENERALLY EQUALITY ISSUES ARE SHOUTED ABOUT, DISCUSSED and debated.

Sources:

Gender pay gap in the UK – Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk) 

Gender pay gap means women work for free for nearly two months of the year | TUC 

Far from average: How COVID-19 has impacted the Average Weekly Earnings data | National Statistical (ons.gov.uk) 

Manifesto for an equal Wales – Chwarae Teg

State-of-the-Nation-2022_digital.pdf (chwaraeteg.com)